A genetic view of mental ill health locates the problem firmly within the head of the individual, and as a society this is dangerous because it clears us of the responsibility, the need, to examine ourselves. There is numerous evidence to suggest that undesirable events, especially in childhood social discrimination and early exposure to city environments, relocation and belonging to an ethnic minority, separation from parents; childhood sexual, physical and emotional abuse, financial abuse; and bullying in schools, increase the likelihood of developing all sorts of mental health problems. This is not to say that biology doesn’t play a part as well. But as a society there’s little we can do to tackle the causes of mental ill health on a biological level. But with enough will and commitment, a lot could be done to create a mentally healthier atmosphere for children and adults alike.
Many psychiatric patients in Britain feel that service providers often disregard their life stories. Psychiatric patients on wards talk about the difficult life experiences they have had such as physical and sexual abuse, racism, bullying, debts and neglect. Hence, the reason mental health organisations should be giving vital support to social issue, as well as a biological and psychological one, by responding to the needs of people with mental health problems, by being prepared as a society, to consider what we can do to diminish people’s risk of developing depression and mental illness. Research shows a surprising number of people manage to make full or partial recoveries, with or without taking medication – although recovery means different things for different people. Mental health professionals regularly think of it in terms of recovery from symptoms, patients more often stress the importance of self-esteem, hope for the future, and a valued role in society. Mental health problems are constantly shown to be most prevalent in countries with the highest levels of financial and social inequality.
There are some common disorders that affect people of all ages.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Mental health disorders exist in broad categories: anxiety disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, personality disorders and impulse control disorders. If someone you know experiences erratic thought patterns, unexplained changes in mood, lack of interest in socializing, lack of empathy, inability to tell the difference between reality and fantasy, or a seeming lack of control, that person may have a mental health disorder.
Mental health problems can cause a wide variety of emotional symptoms, some of which include: Changes in mood Erratic thinking Chronic anxiety Exaggerated sense of self-worth Impulsive actions
Mental health problems typically do not cause physical symptoms in and of themselves. Depression, however, can indirectly cause weight loss, fatigue and loss of libido, among others. Eating disorders, a separate class of mental health disorders, can cause malnutrition, weight loss, amenorrhea in women, or electrolyte imbalances caused by self-induced vomiting. This makes eating disorders among the most deadly of mental health disorders.
In the short-term, mental health problems can cause people to be alienated from their peers because of perceived unattractive personality traits or behaviours. They can also cause anger, fear, sadness and feelings of helplessness if the person does not know or understand what is happening. In the long-term, mental health disorders can drive a person to commit suicide. According to the National Institute for Mental Health, over 90 percent of suicides have depression or another mental disorder as factors.